Thermal burns are caused by contact with open flames, hot liquids, hot surfaces and other sources of high heat.
- Stop the burning. Remove the victim from the heat source.
- Cool the burn with cold water.
- Check breathing. Stop bleeding.
- Cover the burn with a sterile pad or clean sheet.
- Maintain body temperature and take victim to the nearest medical facility.
Note: Do not apply oils, sprays or ointments to a serious burn.
- Sunburn may also be cooled with water. If the sunburn is severe or is very extensive, seek medical attention.
- Flush skin with water for at least 20 minutes.
- Remove contaminated clothing, but avoid spreading the chemical to unaffected areas.
- If the victim’s eyes are involved, flush the eyes continuously with water until medical help is obtained. Remove contact lenses.
- Follow steps 3 to 5 for thermal burns (check breathing, stop bleeding, cover burn, maintain body temperature and transport to medical facility).
Note: In cases involving some powdered or dry chemicals, it may not be appropriate to flush with water. If a dry chemical is involved, carefully brush the chemical off the skin and check the package or package insert for emergency information.
- Pull the plug at the wall or shut off the current. Do not touch the victim while they are in contact with electricity.
- Follow steps 3 to 5 for thermal burns.
- All electrical injuries should receive medical attention.
- In homes where young children are present, consider using “tamperproof” or child-proof receptacles or receptacle covers.
- Limit your use of extension cords.
- Remove rings, belts, shoes and tight clothing before swelling occurs.
- If clothing is stuck to the burn, DO NOT REMOVE IT. Carefully cut around the stuck fabric to remove loose fabric.
- Burns on the face, hands and feet should always be considered serious and should receive prompt medical attention.